Tense Chart

Tense Chart 

A Tense Chart is actually the tabular representation of the types of Tenses (with examples, structures, etc.). 

A Tense Chart shows all the 3 main kinds of Tenses including their 12 sub-categories with common examples for better understanding and for visualization purposes. A Tense Chart can also show the structure of all the tenses. 

Past, Present and Future tenses with simple examples (including 12 sub-categories) are shown below:

Forms of Tenses


Four Forms of Present Tense:
▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔
Indefinite: I do. 
Continuous: I am doing. 
Perfect: I have done. 
Perfect Continuous: I have been doing.


Four Forms of Past Tense:
▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔
Indefinite: I did. 
Continuous: I was doing. 
Perfect: I had done. 
Perfect Continuous: I had been doing.


Four Forms of Future Tense:
▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔▔
Indefinite: I will do. 
Continuous: I will be doing. 
Perfect: I will have done. 
Perfect Continuous: I will have been doing.

Tense Chart 

Simple Present 

Simple Past

Simple Future 

I study English everyday.

Two years ago, I studied English in England.

If you are having problems, I will help you study English


I  am going to study English next year.

Present Continuous 

Past Continuous 

Future Continuous 

I am studying English now.

I was studying English when you called yesterday.

I will be studying English when you arrive tonight.


I am going to be studying English when you arrive tonight.

Present Perfect 

Past Perfect 

Future Perfect 

I have studied English in several different countries.

I had studied a little English before I moved to the U.S.

I will have studied every tense by the time I finish this course.


I am going to have studied every tense by the time I finish this course.

Present Perfect Continuous 

Past Perfect Continuous 

Future Perfect Continuous 

I have been studying English for five years.

I had been studying English for five years before I moved to the U.S.

I will have been studying English for over two hours by the time you arrive.


I am going to have been studying English for over two hours by the time you arrive.



Active and Passive Structures of Tenses


Forms of Tenses ~ Chart [Text/Table]

Tense

Present 

Past 

Future 

Indefinite 

I do. 

I did.

I will do. 

Continuous

I am doing. 

I was doing. 

I will be doing. 

Perfect

I have done. 

I had done. 

I will have done. 

Perfect Continuous

I have been doing. 

I had been doing. 

I will have been doing. 



Tense Chart / Tense Table

Tense Chart 

Tense Chart with Rules and Examples 

Here a chart of tenses is given in the form of a table for a better understanding of tenses. 




Now, do the following exercise based on different tenses.

Exercise 1

Complete the sentences using the right forms of the verbs in the brackets. Use the simple present/present continuous  - whichever is suiatble.

1. Every Monday, Manzu (drive) his kids to the playground.

2. Usually, I (work) as a secretary at a private company, but this summer I (study) French at a language school in Paris. That is why I am in Paris.

3. Shhhhh! Be quiet! The baby (sleep).

4. Don't forget to take your umbrella. It (rain).

5. I don't like living in Sylhet because it (rain, always).

6. I'm sorry I can't hear what you (say) because everybody (talk) so loudly.

7. Jesminn (write, currently) a book about her tour in Tibet. I hope she can find a good publisher when she is finished.

8. 
A: Do you want to come over for dinner tonight? 
B: Oh, I'm sorry, I can't. I (go) to a movie tonight with some friends.

9. The business cards (be, normally ) printed by a company in Chittagong. Their prices (be) inexpensive, yet the quality of their work is quite good.

10. This delicious chocolate (be) made by a small chocolatier in Zurich, Switzerland.



Exercise 2

Complete the sentences using the right forms of the verbs in the brackets. LUise the Simple Past / Past Continuous whichever is suitable. 

1. 
A: What (you, do) when the accident occurred?
B: I (try) to change a light bulb that had burnt out. 

2. After I (find) the money bag full of money, I (go, immediately) to the police and (turn) it in.

3. The doctor (say) that Tawhid (be) too sick to go to work and that he need) to stay at home for a couple of days. 

4. Rupa (arrive) at Anu's house a little before 7:00 pm, but she (be, not) there. She (study) at the Alliance Franchise Library for her final examination in French 

5. Saima is in the living room watching television. At this time yesterday, she (watch, also) television. That's all she ever does! 

6. 
A: I (call) you last night after dinner, but you (be, not) there. Where were you?

B: I (work) out at the fitness centre.

7. When I (walk) into the busy office, the secretary (talk) on the phone with a customer, several clerks (work, busily) at their desks, and two managers (discuss, quietly) methods to improve customer service. 

8. I (watch) a thriller movie on T.V. when the electricity went out. Now I am never going to find out how the movie ends.

9. Sabrina (be) in the room when Puja told me what happened, but she didn't hear anything because she (listen, not).

10. It's strange that you (call) because I (think, just) about you. 

11. The Titanic (cross) the Atlantic when it (strike) an iceberg.

12. When I entered the bazaar, a couple of merchants (bargain, busily) and (try) to sell their goods to naive tourists who (hunt) for souvenirs. Some young boys (lead) their donkeys through the narrow streets on their way home. A couple of men (argue) over the price of a father belt. I (walk) over to a man who (sell) fruit and (buy) a banana.

13. The firemen (rescue) the old woman who (be) trapped on the third floor of the burning building.

14. She was so annoying! She (leave, always) her dirty dishes in the sink. I think she (expect, actually) me to do them for her.


Exercise 3

Complete the sentences in the following extract using the right forms of the verbs in the brackets. Use the future perfect / future perfect continuous whichever is suitable. 

1. By the time we get to Chittagong this evening. we (drive) more than two hundred miles. We are going to be exhausted.

2. When Sarah goes on vacation next month, she (study) German for over two years. She should be able to communicate fairly well while she is in Austria.

3. I have not travelled much yet; however, I (visit) The Taj and the Golden Temple by the time I leave India.

4. By the time you finish studying the verb tense tutorial, you (master) all twelve tenses including their passive forms.

5. Drive faster! If you don't hurry up, she (have) the baby by the time we get to the hospital 

6. I came to England six months ago. I started my economics course three months ago. When I return to Australia, I (study) for nine months and I (be) in England for exactly one year.

7. Miranda just called and said she would be here at 8:00 o'clock. By the time she gets here, we (wait) for her for two hours.

8. Faruk just changed jobs again. If he keeps this up, he (change) jobs at least four or five times by the end of the year. 

9. Come over to my house around 9 o'clock. By then, I (complete) my history essay and we can go see a movie. 

10. In June, my grandmother and grandfather (be) married for fifty years.




Exercise 4

Complete the sentences in the following extract using the right forms of the verbs in the brackets

1. When Faisal (call) fast night. I watch my favourite show on television.

2. I (work) for this company for more than thirty years, and I intend to stay here until I retire!

3. Anuradha (love) to travel. She (go) abroad almost every summer. Next year, she plans to go to Peru. 

4. Mr. Iqbal is an author. He (write) mystery novels and travel memoirs. He (write) since he was twenty-eight. Altogether, he (write) seven novels, three collections of short stories and a book of poetry.

5. We were late because we had some car problems. By the time we (get) to the train station. Shelley (wait) for us for more than two hours.

6. Majid (try) to change a light bulb when he (slip) and (fell).

7. Everyday I (wake) up at 6 o'clock, (eat) breakfast at 7 o'clock and (leave) for work at 8 o'clock. However, this morning I (get) up at 6:30, (skip) breakfast and (leave) for work late because I (forget) to set my alarm.

8. Right now, Mamun (read) the newspaper and Anu (make) dinner. Last night at this time, they (do) the same thing. She (cook) and he (read) the newspaper. Tomorrow at this time, they (do, also) the same thing. She (prepare) dinner and he (read). They are very predictable people!

9. By this time next summer, you (complete) your studies and (find) a job. 
I, on the other hand, (accomplish, not) anything. I (study, still) and you (work) in some new high paying job.

10. The students (be, usually) taught by Mrs. Masuda. However, this week they (be) taught by Mr. Zakir.



Exercise on Right Form of Verb

Select the correct form of the verb in the sentence. 

1. Some people is/are/am very good at math.

2. Somebody have/has the winning lottery ticket. 

3. The doctor who has visited dozens of countries and has helped thousands of patients all around the world is/are/am over there.

4. There is/are/am two sides to every argument. 

5. 5,280 feet is/are/am a mile.

6. Jill as well as Jack is/are/am up the hill.

7. Either Heather or I go/goes. 

8. 
A: There is/are/am a lot of people here.

B: Yeah. Everybody is/are/am here for you. All of them is/are/am waiting to listen to your speech.

9. Ten new flat is/are/am very expensive. I need the extra money. 

10. Rice is/are/am a common food all over the world. It is/are/am very cheap. Two bags of rice cost/costs only £7. 

11. Either the bus driver or the motorcycle rider is/are/am responsible for the accident. 

12. Neither the 23 children in the class nor Tony seem/seems to be upset about failing the spelling bee.

13. A large number of countries is/are/am members of the United Nations. 

14. Not only the fans but also the team's head coach was/were shocked to be in the championship game. 

15. The number of computer advances is/are/am increasing every year.

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